The Present Tense

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What is Present Tense?

A verb that refers to Present Time is to said to be in the Present Tense.

The Present Tense describes an action in the present time.

as - I go, He writes, They are playing.

Read these sentences for better understanding:

 1. I love. (Simple Present)

2. I am loving. (Present Continuous)

3. I have loved. (Present Perfect)

4. I have been loving. (Present Perfect Continuous)


*** The Verbs in all of these sentences refer to the present time, and are therefore said to be in the present tense.

In sentence I, we see that, however, the Verb shows that the action is mentioned simply, without anything being said about the completeness or incompleteness of the action.

In sentence 2, we see that, the Verb shows that the action is mentioned as incomplete or continuous, that is, as still going on.

In sentence 3, we see that, the Verb shows that the action is mentioned as finished, complete, or perfect, at the time of speaking.

In sentence 4, The Verb is said to be Present Perfect Continuous, because the verb shows that the action is going on continuously, and not completed at this present moment.

Thus we see that the Tense of a verb shows not only the time of an action or event, but also the state of an action referred to.

We may now define Tense as that form of a Verb which shows the time and the state of an action or event.

Always Remember :

Use "S", "ES" at the end of the verb when describing a man, a woman, or a thing.

Always use present tense with the present form or simple form of verb

*** Affirmative and Negative form of present tense:

Affirmative Negative
St:  Sub+V1 Sub+aux+not+V1
Singular  I go I do not go.
Plural We go We do not go.
Singular He/She/It go. He/She/It does not go.
Singular  They go. They do not go.
NB: Here Subject- Sub, Simple form of Verb - V1, Auxiliary verb - Aux.  

A verb agrees with its subject in number and person. Study the verb forms of various tenses:

1. Simple Present Tense

* I speak

* You speak

* He speaks

* We speak

* They speak

2. Present Continuous Tense

• I am speaking

• You are speaking

• He is speaking .

• We are speaking.

• They are speaking.

3. Present Perfect Tense

* I have spoken

* You have spoken

* He has spoken

* We have spoken

* They have spoken

4. Present Perfect Continuous Tense

• I have been speaking

• You have been speaking

• He has been speaking

• We have been speaking

• They have been speaking

 Kinds of present Tense

From the above discussion we can easily realized that there are four kinds of Present Tense

1. Simple Present Tense or Present Indefinite tense

2. Present Continuous Tense or Present Progress

3. Present Perfect Tense

4. Present Perfect Continuous Tense

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