What is Science?

By Knowledge World - 11 Comments
We are taking great advantages of science every day. but most of us don't know the Definition of Science or What is Science? Now I will discuss science and scientific method in brief.
Related: Branches of Science

What is Science?

Many of us do not know the definition of science. Before reading science, I think its very necessary to discuss science and scientist. So lets we know what is science? what is a scientist? who is scientist? 

The word "Science" comes from Latin word "scientia", which means "knowledge". Science refers to a system of acquiring knowledge. The term science implies organized knowledge obtained from the observation of the animals and materials around us. This specialized information has been enriching human knowledge. In fact, knowledge of the unknown universe is science.

So This system uses observation and experimentation to describe and explain natural phenomena. The term science also refers to the organized body of knowledge people have gained using that system. In a word, we can say that Science is a systematic enterprise that builds and organizes knowledge in the form of testable explanations and predictions about the universe. At present, "science" most often refers to a way of pursuing scientific knowledge, not only the knowledge but also often restricted to those branches of study that seek to explain the phenomena of the material universe.

What is Scientist? / who are scientist?

We all see/observe the diversity of events which occur around and in our environment. But there are some people who do not give up their inquiry after observing it but seek to find out an answer why and how the events occur or try to reveal the mystery of the universe through regular process of experiments. Dedicated, inquisitive and creative men who always work for the welfare of mankind are called scientists.

Generosity, modesty, firmness in the search for truth, creativity, tolerance and above all philanthropy are the characteristics of a scientist. Their contribution to the service of mankind cannot be denied. Innumerable people of the world are indebted to the scientists. So, we can say that Scientist is that person who does not give up the inquiry after observing the events which occur around in the environment. Every scientist follows the scientific method to take a decision. A scientist is a person who is an expert in science, especially one of the physical or natural sciences.

Purpose of science/scientist:

The purpose of science is to develop the lifestyle and produce useful models of reality. Every scientist always try to do something better. As for example, we can say that the invention of Mobile phone has made easy our communication system. Every scientific investigations use some form of the scientific method. You can find out more about the scientific method here.

Importance of the Culture of Science

Related: Scientific method in science experiments
Development and progress of science are indispensable for mankind. Food, clothing, housing, medicine, education, agriculture, industry, transportation, communication, exchange of information, management of information, procurement of natural resources and their preservation, space-research etc.-in all these areas, culture of science is essential. Nature has come under human control as a result of continuous success of science in all these fields. New successes of science has to be brought about in order to protect the huge population and to face the unknown future.

Some examples of scientific success of the last few centuries are presented below. During the middle of the 18th century in England new mills and factories were established with the help of steam engine and various kinds of machine. This era is called the age of industrial revolution. With advanced transport system goods can be distributed easily. As a result, demand for the goods and their sale increased. Scientific inventions were accelerated. Thus, in physics atomic theory, quantum theory and theory of relativity emerged. Immense advancement in air travel, space travel, atomic energy, electronics has opened a new horizon for human civilization. Man has set up artificial satellites in the space in order to acquire various knowledge about space.

As a result man has set foot on the moon's surface and rockets move from the planet to planet. Again artificial satellites have made remarkable contribution to weather forecasting and easy communication. Use of electronic equipments and computers have made human life easy, beautiful and enjoyable. Advancement of medical science in the treatment of patients, invention of penicillin, improvement of current medicine to destroy insects, fungus, production of medicines for procreation of plants and animals, use of microbes for preparing preventive medicine, application of new technique in food-processing are all gifts of science.

With the help of science mechanical plough or tractor, pump for irrigation, spray machine for spraying medicine to kill harmful insects, insecticides have been invented. Biochemistry and cell theory have been making efforts to overcome and cure cancer on the basis of knowledge of the chemical action and structure of a cell. Gene theory related to generation of species has been developed. It is now possible to produce high quality and quantity of jute and paddy. Improvement of crop and livestock depends on initial selection of crops and animals of advanced variety and bringing about generation expansion.

As a result knowledge of good food and maintenance of health have improved and life expectancy has increased. Livestock has improved through cross-breeding of local and non-local cows which can adjust under unfavorable circumstances. Hence, learners have to be made curious about material and animal world. In order to improve science, to maintain balance of nature, to grow more crops, to maintain a long healthy life, to make human life happier, the young generation should devote more and more to the culture of science.

Science and Technology for the Development of Civilization

The use of science in some form or other began at the early stage of civilization. Various inventions of science took place; some out of necessity, some out of curiosity and often accidentally. In the primitive age man used to eat uncooked meat and was ignorant about the use of cloth. In course of time fire was discovered and he learnt to eat cooked food. In the absence of cloth he used to wear leaves and bark of trees. Use of stone and metal like iron etc. began in later stage.

When he learnt to make weapon by sharpening blunt stone, the technological era began. The words 'science' and technology' are used widely now-a-days and they are the key to development of any country and any nation. But what is the difference between science and technology? The scientists investigate and make research about various objects and incidents of nature- as a physicist, a chemist, a botanist, a zoologist does.

On the other hand a technologist uses the discovery of science for human welfare, as a doctor, or an engineer or a weather scientist does. A doctor treats a patient with the help of knowledge, medicine, equipment etc. discovered by science. Still question arises, do science and technology contribute only to the welfare of mankind ? In answer to this question it can be said that science and technology create new problems along with doing human welfare. Yet, most of the problems involving science and technology were created due to their misapplications, most of which can be avoided by their proper use. Due to development of medical science man is getting rid of many diseases.

In some countries, the food production is not increasing at par with the increase of population. As a result they are facing food shortage and their standard of living is not improving. We must remember that due to inappropriate application of technology, environment is being polluted and wastage of wealth and energy is taking place. Under the circumstances, we have to tackle these problems through proper application of science and technology so that they may not crop up again. I think from this above discussion every learners will be clear about science, scientist their works and their purpose.

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